Da Yu Memorial Hall
Da Yu, the founder of the Xia Dynasty - the first dynasty in Chinese history, was a legendary leader who exerted his continuous and utmost efforts to lead his people to fight against devastating floods for thirteen years in ancient times. He created a harmonious world that everything is in order and harmony among heaven, earth and man, laying a spiritual foundation of putting people first for the Chinese nation.
The Da Yu Memorial Hall is located in the Dayu Mausoleum Scenic Area with a construction area of 4,800 square meters above ground and 22,000 square meters underground. It’s an essential place for commemorating this wise founding king as well as a space carrier of Da Yu spirit to be inherited and carried forward in modern times. The architects try to explore the internal clues of the building and the significance of the axis from the reference of extrinsic objects in a broader space, which would associate the history and context, and define the orientation and layout of the architecture as well.
Speaking of the pursuit of architectural form, the form has always been the most significant carrier for expressing the architectural spirit, based on whether the principle of "function determining form" that is developed from modern architecture, or the breakthrough theory that "form gives rise to the function". The architects attempt to use Da Yu’s life experience and relevant elements such as the Nine Bronze Tripods or the flood-prevention tools to embody the architectural form. In the end, however, the architectural form highlights a more introvert and abstract spiritual metaphor that interprets the spiritual sublimation of Da Yu from man to god in a more architectural and advanced language from the outside to the inside.
The architecture bears collective memory and spiritual beliefs of a nation. Courtyards of all sizes embrace the fascinating landscapes of mountains and rivers and enjoy the four seasons. The meditation spaces abandon concrete objects to share equal spiritual space, inspire humanistic sentiment, and evoke the national soul of harmonious coexistence of "heaven, earth and people".
In the design, priority is given to respecting the order of nature. The architects reorganize the mountain and water layout on the original site and reinvent the relationship between architecture and nature with proper landscape design so as to hit a harmonious balance of architectural volume and natural features.
The building also follows the cultural and historical order of the site. The holistic square form echoes the circular altar and Jiulong Tan (Nine Dragon Altar) and masters the collective relationship, r