Folding space: 20 square meters house renovation / DAGA Architects
精神居所 | Spiritual residence
In Beijing, in addition to Hutongs, a type of regional residential architecture, red brick dwellings are also an indispensable part of the urban texture of old Beijing. Most of these buildings were built in the last century, and they are the first batch of buildings and dwellings in Beijing, and they also formed the initial residential community model. However, these houses are now in disrepair, dilapidated and shabby, and their functions are not satisfactory. Problems such as the lack of living functions and the narrow kitchen of bathrooms have been gradually exposed, and now it is difficult to meet the needs of young people. At present, most of them are shelter for lonely elderly people and migrant workers.
▼北京红砖民居 Red brick dwellings in Beijing
▼房屋改造现场 Housing renovation site
生活容器 | Living container
The project is located on the third floor of a red brick residential building in Shougang Road, with an area of about 20 square meters. In this extremely precious small space, the bathroom appears to be very small and cramped, with only the kitchen and hallway, as well as a bedroom. 20 square meters, not only undertakes the hostess's daily life of three meals a day, but also needs to take into account the need for temporary rest when her son, who is studying abroad, comes home. Although the space is small, it is not only the sustenance of the family's feelings, but also the receptive device of their lives. However, in use, it is love and hate for this family, and many inconveniences in use have made this old house gradually "criticized" by the family. How to rebuild the family's spiritual residence and how to meet all the living needs in a small space is a major challenge for our renovation.
Before the transformation, the space of the "small" house could not match its function, and it was full of daily necessities of day overwhelmed by "poems and dreams". The storage space in the house was crowded and cluttered. Squat cover shower, bed edge sitting, tea table curled up at the head of the bed, sewing machine hiding in the thick dust, game cartoon-loving son's "Frost sadness" submerged in bottles and cans, lost the light of the past. The hostess repeats the movements of her life every day, with the back of her son from a toddler to a foreign learner. The family is worried about the lack of function, narrow inconvenience and line of sight at home, and they all want to have a storage room big enough to avoid the "funny" situation of using kitchen cabinets as shoe cabinets.
视线通透 | Transparent line of sight
The narrowness of the space often makes people feel depressed, crowded and uncomfortable, which visually compresses the "sense of mass" of the space. So in this transformation, the first thing we need to do is to make the indoor line of sight transparent. However, due to the structural limitations of this old small house, the indoor partition structure can hardly be changed. Under this premise, we adjust the layout and comb the streamline to make the space appear more transparent. Let the "small" house look at the "small" but "complete with five internal organs", "tran